Water institutions and the cadre preparation
The water institutions in the most of the third world countries are suffering from the low level of labor performance. Most of the equipments and monitoring techniques of the hydrological, Meteorological data collection and data preparation of plans and programs for current and future design of water policy successfully, are old and obsolete.
The study consists of three chapters looking at a number of issues related to water:
Chapter I: Consists of two main issues: First issue, examines the mechanisms of action in the state institutions and the power of political decision-making, functions and the negative consequences of the interference by the authorities which obstruct the productivity and delays the development in general. This attitude also helps to spread corruption in both administration and finance. This has negative impacts on the state institutions and the financial resources which accompanied bad administration and planning on both aspects national income and the GDP per capita.
The second issue: studies the effective management of the institutions through rehabilitation programs and vocational training schemes for the professional cadre and recruitment. The effective use of modern technology and cadre preparation will help very much in leading development projects. Also to adopt the commanding and control systems to minimize corruption in both, administrative and financial fields, and to improve the working performance, to reduce the invisible unemployment and control the expenditures of the state institutions.
Chapter II: Consists of three axes. First one, looks into the mechanisms of management and assessment by evaluating the performance of existing water institutions to maximize the benefits from the available capabilities to conduct appropriate modernization to raise the level of performance of work in the facilities of water projects, in addition to exploring the mechanisms for a successful water management, through modernizing the existing management curricula to improve the current and future plans for the advancement of water.
The second axis: looks into the professional expertise and techniques of the water institutions with regards their constructional suitability and technical and professional requirement like, devices and modern equipments, to collect data and accurate data of water supply in real terms and to use such data in preparation for the future successful water plans and programs, and embarking on the establishment of research centers for water studies for development and to improve water resources
The third axis: discusses the coordination and cooperation in water management to integrate at the national level, the ways of coordination between the water and the agricultural sectors for ideal and economic uses of water. In addition to the coordination and cooperation with other sectors of the state (industry, municipalities, electricity) to determine the annual quotas of water and to reject the indiscriminate uses of water in both, the production and service sectors of the state.
Chapter III: Consists of two sections, first, examines the administrative and legislative structures of the main functions of water institutions in order to improve water supply on the national level, in addition to updates the required modernization in the structure and legislations in water sector.
The second section: discusses the functions and purposes of the water International organizations through the formation of high national councils for ideal water management, and the Arab regional consultation council to prepare programs and plans for current and future requirement at the regional level. In addition to the contribution of the relevant international organizations, the modernization of national institutions of water and recruiting it with expertise and modern techniques to raise the level of performance in the management of water resources.
The research abstract focused on the main axes of the study and their nature. And finally, the supplement section, includes references, Arab and foreign, used for the study.