Water Pollution  (Causes and Treatment)


Water pollution has become the main new threat to the rivers network  and causes loses of huge amount of water with subsequent sever damages to the marine life stocks.

 Therefore understanding the pollutants and their amounts and proportions, will help to know the scientific measures and the effective methods of treatment, and how to tackle the problems to get rid of their damaging results.

 The purification of water depends on the required purification degree of the International health and environmental standards of each state.


The study consists of three chapters and several supplements, dealing with different causes of water pollution and the ways of its treatment and purification.


Chapter 1: Consists of three sections, first section sheds light on natural characters and properties of water (physical, chemical and natural resources and its variety). The second section deals with the main pollutants (the positive and negative substances, the poisonous and the radio-active elements) and how to get rid of them. The third section is about pollution of the water resources (water coming from agricultural areas and acid rains) and their causes, preventive measures against their damaging effects, and how to find the causes of pollution (rivers, seas, underground water and the radiological contaminations).


Chapter 2: consists of two sections, first section deals with designing  the water network for domestic, industrial, hospitals, sewage system  and rain falls drains. The second section deals with the ways and technical methods to control the domestic and industrial supply in addition to measures of controlling water uses for different purposes. 


Chapter 3: consists of two sections, first section deals with practical measures in purification stations (the main different steps of treatment, the chemical factors help in treating and purifying water). The second section deals with treating and purifying water as well (the general network, industrial, underground, and the water for domestic uses).

And finally, a summary which consists of the conclusion of the research work, the main cores, and the supplements which includes the bibliography and references, Arabic and the none Arabic that have been used for this research work.