The Water Security and the Concept of Sovereignty
and Peace in The
This study is dealing with
one of the most sensitive and burning issues in the Middle-east. Water crisis is
regarded the most important one between Arab and
The failure of “geographical
concept has given way to the announcement in the equation of Arab-Israeli
conflict after the second Gulf war to the emergence of the more secret and more
important concept of the “water security”.
Therefore, this study has concentrated on the demands of the latter in the
States of the
This chapter includes the
topographical details of
Through this chapter the
author has reviewed views and opinions of the States of
In this chapter, the author
has discussed the main water projects of the States of the
In regard to Syria, the
author has shed light on water resources in particular, the rivers which have
International characters like: Al-Asi, Euphrates,
Tigris, and Al-Yarmouk as well as the conflict between
Syria and the states sharing these rivers, and the International water treaties
which have been signed by those States. Also the Syrian position from the peace
process in relation to water resources in the occupied
On the Israeli side, the
author has discussed the Israeli water projects and her share of water resources
As for Palestine, the author has shed light on the underground water resources in the west bank and Gaza district and their positions from the green and red lines which were drawn by Israel and how far the expected Israeli withdrawal from these lines. In addition to explaining about the water situation in the West-bank and the district, and the current and future population needs, and the future water projects required after creation of the Palestinian state.
This chapter is the biggest one in the book, due to its importance, since it has dealt with different ways of developing water resources in the States of Jordan valley, in order to put an end to the conflict for water in the region. The author has discussed, with some details, the most important water projects in the Middle-east particularly, the regional, which will participate in solving the water crisis in the region, that is by participation of the International fund in building these projects in order to remove the concept of profit and losses that is governing the peace process negotiations about water.
The author has put forward his own views: technical, scientific, and economical, about these projects and the possibility of benefiting from them on the long term, to achieve water security and end the state of conflict in the region, so they can direct the huge potentials and resources to rebuild their countries and improving the living standard for the people in the region.
There are several supplements, about: Water, Agriculture, legal, and political concepts and the misuse of these concepts by the press and other non specialists, among them, politicians as well as journalists alike, which has lead to confusion and misunderstanding of the public at large about this important issue. Therefore, in order to clarify the terminology and avoid confusion, the author has done his best to solve this problem.
Also there is a bibliography about the important references, for those interested to read further about the subject.
This study is an attempt to
add another drop of a scientific knowledge to the other great scientific
resources about water resources, that took part and worked hard to solve the water crisis in the