The Water File and Regional Cooperation in the New Middle-East Order
The geographic region of the Middle-East is not the Arab-Israeli conflict alone. Other conflicts have surfaced in the past few years, even if the mentioned one is the most significant. During the last five decades of the 20th century, with the presence of the two superpowers in the World, and the cold war, several international forces were playing significant roles in the conflict in the Middle-East, to further their own political goals and to gain influence in the region.
After the collapse of the
To strengthen its grip on
the world, it was inevitable for the
The planned umbrella for the
Middle-East, according to the
The New Middle East Co-operative order has started since the mid-1990s, particularly in the political field. The views were different among the Arab states , for and against, and still some of them are undecided, waiting for the peace process to bring some results.
This study is probably the
first to discuss the New Middle-East order in its most important aspect, that
is, the water problem. This very sensitive file has become a
stumbling block in the way of peace negations between
The Study consists of four chapters and some supplements.
The Author discusses the
concept of the Middle-East, from geopolitical and
historical points of view. He also reviews the stance of the regional states
with regard to the new Middle-East order, shedding light on
In this chapter the author sheds light on the main international and
regional conferences and seminars that have been held in the World and their
resolutions. International interest in the Middle-East waters has, historically, been great.
This chapter consists of three
sections. The first is about water projects in the Middle-East, particularly those aiming to transport water to
the Arab states. The second section is about inter-Arab states water transport.
Also there is a historical review of the Arab water
projects and Inter-Arab cooperation in the region, such as
The third section is about different aspects of regional cooperation regarding water: what kind of cooperation, its foundations, and the options available. Finally a discussion of the ways and means to put an end to the conflict about water in the region.
Chapter Four also consists of three
sections. The first is about American attempts to solve the water problems in
the Middle-East according to the new Middle-East order and the different
American programs submitted in this respect, particularly the Harvard project
and the proposals of Massachusetts Institute of Technology to re-distribute
water between the Middle-East states according to a comprehensive economic
system (System of cost and benefit exchange). Also, the
author has discussed the American proposals for the future and their role in
transferring water technology, development and improved productivity of water
projects in the
The second section is about the Arab concepts and the Water File in the new Middle-East order. There are ideas of how to solve the water problems at the regional level and its conditions, cooperation with neighbouring non-Arab states, also the main blocking stones against regional cooperation under the new Middle-East order.
The third section is about water and the options of regional cooperation, in particular about the underground reservoirs that suffer from pollution because of unsafe production methods and how to develop them at a regional level. Also the author discusses the main efforts to combat the desertification, putting forward proposals to establish regional institutes to run and develop water resources in the region.
The Supplements include a summary of the work and international documentation about the Arab-Israeli conflict. Also, a list of the concepts and terminology used in the study; an index of the political and academic figures mentioned in the book; a bibliography of Arabic and non-Arabic references, including many books and journals; and a list of the author’s previous publications. Finally, this summary in English for the benefit of the non-Arab speaking scholars at universities and institutes involved in the study of water problems in the Middle-East.