This study deals with the
current - and the potential future - conflict about the water crisis between
countries of the
The study consists of five chapters, supported with tables, maps and appendices.
This chapter illustrates the
topography of the River Nile and the most important branches and the origin of
water supplies which feed it. It also covers the areas which are included in the valley in the related
countries and the demographics of each country. The emphasis is on the main
aspects of the water crisis and the conflict between the countries of the
valley, discussing the three main areas of the conflict, interests, position and
power and the possible consequences which could result
from this conflict against
This conflict forced
This chapter discusses, in
detail, the rational uses of the waters by the three main countries of the
The discussion has
concentrated on the different constructs built on the
This chapter sheds light on
the different views of the countries of the valley and their stance from the
international treaties, concentrating mainly on the differences between
The international treaties
related to the
The chapter also looks at the current options available for the legislation of controlling water resources, taking into account the ethical and moral issues regarding the rights of controlling water access between these countries.
There is also a detailed
discussion of the projects to develop and grow water resources of the
This chapter discusses the
pollution problem of the
The author has discussed in detail plans for fair distribution of water between the countries of the valley, taking into consideration the population of each country and their needs for food and water and to evaluate the constructions built, and those yet to be built, on the Nile and to take the necessary practical measures to achieve the ideal and economic uses of the water.
This chapter shows the comparisons between the Tigris, Euphrates, Jordan and Nile valleys in the Middle East, and the conflicts which have arisen over the water supply in that region. With the clear use of tables and charts, the main characteristics of these valleys are illustrated.
Also the chapter shows the main
international interests in the waters on the
The supplements illustrate how the agricultural, legal and political aspects are being used in wrong ways to mislead people by making unscientific judgements.
They also include a number
of tables, charts and maps of the Aquarius projects in the valley countries in
order to support the scientific view by giving evidence of figures and maps to
most accurate and comprehensive pictures about the
The Arabic and foreign references which relied on in this study are also included in the bibliography of the journals as well as this summary in English included for the benefit of the institutes and the centers of scientific studies about this research work.