The Arab Homeland gets 76 per cent of its surface water from outside its international borders. This reality has imposed a geo-political weakness on the Arabs. There are 50 permanent running rivers, one of four of them are international. Therefore, the Arab Homeland is threatened, from time to time, with regard to its water resources and these threats become more obvious in relation to international rivers such as the Tigris, the Euphrates, the Jordan and the Nile, particularly when the countries of origin of these rivers have built a number of their own irrigation projects, dams, lakes etc. on these international rivers.
There are other international
rivers suffering from crisis although less severe, but which could lead to
conflicts in the future, such as the
Besides, there are international
rivers receiving their waters from the Arab homeland and running toward foreign
neighboring countries. They are subject to threats and crisis from these
surrounding countries like
A third type of international rivers in the Arab Homeland, is those getting their waters from Arab lands and then run into other Arab states, like the rivers Mejerdah (Algeria to Tunisia), Dera’a (Morocco -Algeria) and Yarmouk (Syria – Jordan). There are problems related to such rivers between Arab state themselves.
The book consists of three chapters and supplements.
chapter deals with the international rivers in the Asian parts of the Arab
Homeland. Among them are the
River Tigris and its tributaries in
The River Jordan was studied as
well as its tributaries like the Dan, the Banias, the
Hasbani, the Wazzani and the
Yarmouk, with respect to their origins, regime and the
volume of their annual water resources . Finally, this
chapter deals with the
chapter deals with African rivers in the Arab Homeland, including the River Nile
which has been followed from its African lakes (the White Nile), then its
tributaries from Ethiopia (the Sobat, the Blue Nile
and the Atbara), and in addition the Bahr al-Ghazal, the Bahr al-Jebel (White
Nile), the Naubi Nile and others. Light is shed on the
The study also covers the
In this chapter three
rivers in the Arab Homeland are studied, their countries not facing any acute
water conflict or severe problem for the time being at least. The River Mejerdah and its tributaries,
running from the
The second river is the Dera’a (Dra) which forms part of
the border between
The third river is the Yarmouk
which originates in
Finally, the chapter brings up the
Arab–Arab problems about water in the Arab international rivers which the author thinks could become a cause of
tension between Arab states in the future. This has already happened between
There has been conflict between
In this section there are graphs, tables and a bibliography of Arabic and foreign references, books and journals.
This study is a complement to eight previous studies published by the author about Middle Eastern water. The aim is to shed more light on the biggest problem in the 21st Century in the Arab Homeland, a problem which could lead to disruption of the relations between these countries which are already fragile because of water-related conflicts.