The International Law and The viewpoints of Conflict and Conventions on Water In The Middle-East
study deals with the first water ligistlation in
history, in Mezopoteamia and the subsequent
development of the International law up to our present time with its
implications on the different states sharing the same rivers in the world. The
study has dealt with in particular, the conflict in Middleast countries sharing rivers like
Therefore, the author believes the framework of the treaties about the rivers, that had been signed by the United Nations in 1997 should be regarded the best framework to solve the differences and to agree on fare water shares of the countries concerned in the region.
The study consists of four chapters plus Anexes.
This chapter deals with the early ligistlations of water distribution in antient history, which goes back to the year 2600 BC, which included ligistlations about irrigation and agricultures. Then followed by the Islamic law (sharia) related to this issue and the subsequent development of the International Laws dealing with water conflict since seventeenth Century up to now.
Also there is a detailed discussion of the most important aspects of the International law and its mechanisms and strength as well as its weaknesses and its loop-holes that limits its implications to solve the differences which emerges from time to time between the countries sharing the same rivers.
The author has discussed the
causes that lead to raise the scale of the conflict on waters in the
There is a brief discussing
about the role of both rivers,
Then, there is a discussion
of the most important International documents and treaties, which were signed by the states benefiting from the
This chapter deals with the
In this chapter, the author
has mentioned a brief history of the River Nile. Then he discussed the main
water treaties between the states of the
There is a concentration on position of Egypt as the main Nile valley state and the position of Ethiopia, as the country of origin of the Nile, because these two countries are widely at odd with each other amongst the Nile Valley states, each one of them is accusing other of violating its rights, exchanging threats was part of the conflict between them.
The author explains a number of legal concepts and terminologies, aiming precision and proper use of these concepts and phrases. Also he explains the terminology used when talking about the problem of water shortages in order to avoid the confusion and misunderstanding. Then there is a Bibliography of the references that the author consulted in his research work, in both Arabic and foreign languages, these include books, journals and circulars. And finally, an English summary of the study in order to give an idea about the study, to the universities and institutions concerned and those specialized in water problems.