Most of the groundwater reservoirs in the Arab Homeland are regarded as unrenewable or with limited recharge because of shortage of rains, due to the location of these regions in the dry zones and deserts. As a result of the population increase in these countries which have been subjected to successive waves of drought there is a shortage in the supply of water needed. Hence the governments of the regions were forced to invest in the the extraction of groundwater as a substitute for other resources.
The states of the
The study consists of three chapters, including a number of cods, tables, and different forms of charts. The chapters are as follows:
This chapter is the main one and deals with the
groundwaters in the Arab Homeland, their amount,
pollution, and characteristics. The study covers the groundwater reservoirs in
the Sahara of Northern Africa, mainly
chapter deals with the expected crisis of the groundwater between Arab states
and their neighbors in the future, such as
In addition to the above mentioned, there are proposals to lay down a
draft of an Arabic Law for groundwater extraction. The main suggestions in these
laws are to form an
this chapter the development and expansion of Arab groundwater reservoirs is discussed. To review their evaluation and assessment all
necessary charts and information have been gathered.
Ways are sought to recharge them with water by
underground injecting system, legal and financial obstacles and how to calculate
the costs. In addition to current international systems to evaluate groundwater
with respect to pollution, methods of discovering pollution by using new
technologies like remote gauge devices and satellite and Geographical
Information System (GIS) are discussed, including
difficulties in their use. Also the causes and main
factors of groundwater pollution, their types and causes of their deterioration
Consists of a glossary of the vocabulary and scientific terminology related to this field used in the book, giving the definition of each of them to help the readers understand. A number of tables and charts about the groundwaters in order to compare these sources with each other. These will help the readers who want to pursue the subject further. Then a few mathematical equations to evaluate water resources. Finally a list of references which the study has used, and a bibliography of Arabic and foreign books and journals.