Crisis of The
and the Contrast between Waters and Desertification
It took more than three
years to finish this study. I depended on many references, Arabic and
non-Arabic. Many parts of it were published in Arabic
papers and journals. This study is regarded as an
“Academic research work” using scientific methods, looking into the water crisis
Chapter 1: This chapter discusses the shortage of waters in the world in general, the population growth, and the demands for water and the limitation of its resources in the world. Also it sheds light on the water crisis in the Arab world, particularly most of the international rivers in the Arab countries start outside of their borders. Hence it would be the source of a potential future conflict between these countries and we look at ways of dealing with these conflicts.
Also this chapter deals with understanding of the international new rules and regulations and the concepts of the International Monitory Fund (IMF) about how to deal with “supply and demand of water."
This study will discuss water crisis in the Middle-East and the expectations of the Iraqis and the experts from the world organizations concerned about the possibility of wars erupting in the region because of water shortages.
Discusses the evolution of
the International laws related to the International rivers, shedding light on the most important international
treaties, since 1785. It relies on whether it is possible for the international
community to use these treaties as a base for making decisions and giving advice
about the concept of the international rivers. Also it
shows the main water treaties which were signed between
Looks at the most important
differences between the countries of
Also this chapter has dealt with Turkish understanding and interpretations of the International laws about the concept of the international rivers and their different legal views and the international legistlations.
chapter concentrate, with details, on water
policies of the
In discussing the Turkish
water policy, I have concentrated on the Turkish GAP project and its adverse effect
on limiting water running to
As for The project of so
called “pipe-line of peace” which was proposed by
I discussed Syrian water policy and her main water resources, structures, reservoirs and their capacities and annual quantity of waters received and their economic and agricultural purposes.
In regards to the Iraqi
water policy, this chapter has discussed, in full details, describing the dams
built on both
called “third river” between
This chapter is a first of
its kind, discussing “ The Saudi Arabian rights in
Also I alluded to the
Besides, I discussed the deffirent ways and means to develop and improve the water resources in the Arab world, by highlighting the projects of water transport between neighboring countries and desalination and proposing the means to solve water crisis in the region.
The final chapter has
discussed the population growth and the rational ways of distributing water in
The Euphrates valley and best way of utilizing water economically in the future,
to keep a balance between the needs and the resources, reaching into the
conclusion of realistic solutions to face the Turkish water projects. We
explored a package of proposals and projects, in order to overcome the crisis
Annexex: Includes a glossary, tables
and graphs about countries of The Euphrates valley, followed by tables, graphs
and maps of