Integrated management of water resources


No longer has the traditional water management responded to the real requirements and the constraints of global climate changes, and their effects on water pollution, and the steady increase on water requirements by the growing population, water scarcity, and the increase in the conflicts between different countries. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce a new elements and new methods on the water management to achieve the best results from the water resources, as the following:


Modernization of means of communication and data collection techniques of water, promotion of cooperation and coordination, create a new ways of concept and pricing of water, and the involvement of marginalized groups of society such as the poor and women and others in water management. The study consists of three chapters and a multi - axes :


 Chapter I, consists of three parts, the first part (water in the world - the reality and challenges) includes 3 items: The international reality of water, the challenges of water facing the world, and the challenges of water in the Arab world and ways to address them.


The second part (Administration of Natural Resources - the obstacles in the ways of management) includes five items: the reasons for the scarcity of water, how to limit wasted water, the conflicts at the national and regional levels on water, and evaluation of water resources, and effective management for the sustainability of natural resources.


The third part (the requirements of the ideal management of the water resources) includes six items: the management of the water requirements, water demand management, the constraints to achieve integrated management of water resources, the relationship between the integrated management of water resources and poverty, the relationship between the integrated management of water resources, hunger, and international trends to combat poverty and hunger in the world.


Chapter II consists of four parts, the first part (policy-making institutions of the State) includes four items: the state's policy in general, water policy - the principles and objectives of agricultural policies in developing countries, and the deferent views on the role of gender in water management and the agriculture.


 The second part (the role of public and private sectors in water resources development) includes five items: the provision of funding and grants for infrastructure projects of water sector, the areas of investment in the water sector, the state's role in the investment operations in the water sector, in addition to the requirements of the state and private sector investment, privatization of water policy and water price support for the poor.


The third part (the integration and coordination between different departments of water) includes three items: the integration and coordination between the integrated management of water resources and other sectors of the State, and the general recommendations to activate the efforts and better use of experiences at all levels.


 The fourth part (social integration - the tasks and targets) includes five items: the necessary data required to assess the type of social participation in the sectors of development, technical and administrative functions of the type of social experts, working in the management of water and agriculture for the integration of genders, the role of women in water and in the agricultural management.


Chapter III consists of four parts; the first part (management of water institutions and the preparation of staff) includes three items: the institutional infrastructure for the water sector - reform and modernization, capacity-building technical and scientific expertise in the water sector, decentralization and management of regional water institutions.

 The second part (the means of communication and remote sensing techniques) includes three items: the means of information and communication programs in the integrated management of water, the means and methods of participatory programs in the integrated management of water, and uses remote sensing techniques.


The third part (the legislation and the legal concept of water) includes two items: enacting and activation of water legislation, and the concept of economic and social conditions of the water.


 The fourth part (the markets of the sale of water) includes five items: the sale of raw water directly from the water basin to another State, the sale of raw water from the river basin national direct to farmers, the sale of gray water to farmers and the sale of clean drinking water to the household consumers.


Finally, the executive summary, followed by appendices: concepts, terminology, and references in Arabic and foreign languages.