There are chapters two of my book: ((Guide to water Researchers in the Middle East – For Researchers and postgraduate Students)) Al-diwan, Baghdad 2004.


Tigris and Euphrates Valleys:

n Books:

1-Cotillon, J 1993 ((Water from Dams in Syria)) International commission on large Dams.Paris.

2-Gavin Young 1980 ((Iraq land of two rivers)) London.

3-Gavin Young 1981 (( Half way around the World: an improbable journey)) New York.

4-Howard Nelson 1968 ((An Abandoned Irrigation System in South Iraq)) London.

5-H.W.F. Saggas 1965 ((Everyday Life in Babylonia and Assyria)) London.

6-Kolars, John F. and William, A. Mitchell 1991 ((The Euphrates River and the southeast Anatolia Development project)) Carbondale:Souther llinois University Press.

7-M.i.L Vovitch 1979 ((Water Resources and Their Future)) American Geophysical Union, Washington.

8-Tarek Majzoub and Hasan Chalabi 1995 ((Turkey the waters of the Euphrates and Public international law in water in the Middle East)) Tauris Academic Studies, London.

n Magazines:

1-Bari, Zohwal ((Syrian-Iraqi Dispute over the Euphrates Waters)) International Studies, New Delhi 16, No. 2 (April- June 1977).

2-B.W.Coad 1996 (( Exotic fish species in the Tigris-Euphrates basin)) Zoology in the Middle-East . Vol.13.

3-Beaumont, P. 1978 ((The Euphrates: An international problem of water resources development)) Enviromental Conservation. Vol.5. No.1.

4-Cooper , John ((Syria Links Pullout to Guaranteed Access to Water)) Washington Post 8 June 1983.

5- David, G ((The setting of the Peace Pipeline)) Meed 29, March 1988.

6-Graham, Brown, Sarah. Mand Richard Barchard ((Turkey Tape the Euphrates Resources)) The Middle East Economic Digest 25. No. 29 (17 July 1981).

7-Khouri, J 1982 ((Hydrogeology of the Syrian steppe and adjoining arid areas)) Q.J Ng. Geol. London, Vol. 15.

8-Talling, J. F .1980 (( Water Characteristics: Euphrat and Tigris Mesopotamian Ecology and Desting )) The Hague: Dr. W. Junk Monographiae Biologicae Vol. 38.

9-Turkey, Iraq Harness River ((Power)) Middle East Economic Digest 28 No. 32 (10 August 1984).

n Reports:

1-Alexander Tkachenko 1993-2000 ((The Economy of Iraq Marshes in the 1990s)) FAO. Year book of fishery statistics Rome.

2-A Survey of the Hydroelectric Plat in the Euphrates Valley. The Lanhmeyer Company of Frankfurt, West Germany 1964.

3-A Detaild Engineering Plan for the Euphrates Construction Project. The V.B.B 1963.

4-Condensed History of Water El-Jous 1983 Resources in Mesopotamia: Water International J. Elsevier The Center for Strategy Studies, Netherland 1989.

5-Documents of the Authority the Euphrates project. The General Administration for Development of the Euphrates Basin, Damascus 1966.

6-Iraqi Marshlands: Prospects.  First drafts papers presented to the conference of the AMAR internal Charitable Foundation. London 21May 2001.

7-Kolars, J 1993 ((Problems of International River Management: the Case of Euphrates)) Middle East water Forum, 7-10 February 1993.

8-Mikhail, Wakil 1992 ((Analysis of future water needs for different sectors in Syria)) Conference on middle East water crisis. May 7-9 Waterloo Ontaria.

9-Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Irrigation, General Scheme of water Resources and land Development in Iraq. Moscow-Baghdad 1982.

10-Saleh, Walid. A ((Development Projects on The Euphrates)) In Abdel Majid Farid and Hussein Sirriyeh (eds) 1985 ((Israel and Arab Water)) Arab Research Center Ithaca Press, London.

11-Vattenbygnadsbyran, of Stockholm. Sweden reports on the Irrigation in the Euphrates Project, Euphrates Project Authority 1974.

The Nile Valley:

n Books:

1-Abate, Zewdie 1993 ((Water Resources of Ethiopia )) Reading, Garnet Press.

2-Abate, Zewdie 1993 ((Water resources development in Ethiopia: An evaluation of present experience and planing Concepts: A management method for analysing a Key resources in a nation’s development Reading, UK: Ithaca press.

3-Ali, K. H 1984 ((The Negotiating Worriers: Egyptian Israeli peace Negotiations)) Cairo.

4-Abate, Z 1991 ()Planned National water policy: proposed case for Ethiopia)) Washington.

5-Abdel-Haiye, A 1987 ((The Nile and the future)) Cairo.

6-Colins, Robert. D 1990 (( The Water of The Nile- Hydropolitics and the Jonglei Canal 1900-1991)) Clarendon Press Oxford.

7-Collins, Robert 1990 ((The waters of the Nile)) Oxford University Press, New York.

8-Fahm, Jussein M. D 1981 ((People and Environment: The Aswan High Dam Case)) New York pergamon Press.

9-Howell, P.P and Allan, J.A (ed.) 1994 ((The Nile: sharing a scarce resources: A historical and technical review of water management and of economic and legal issues. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

10-Howell, P.P and Aribon, GA. (eds) 1994 ((The Nile: Sharing a scaring Resource)) Cambridge University Press, London.

11-Hurst, H. E 1951 ((The Nile )) London.

12-J. Barois 1911 ((Les Irrigation on Egypt)) Paris.

13- Ministry of Irrigation and Hydro- Electric Power ( Sudan): The Nile Water’s Question Khartoum, October 1995.

14-The Nile River System. April 1960 ((Proceedings of American Society of international)) Law at its Firty-Fourh Annual held at Washington, D. C.

15-Waterbury, John 1979 (( Hydropolitics of the Nile Valley)) Syracuse, N.Y: Syracuse University Press.

16-Wondimneh Tilahun 1979 ((Egypt’s Imperial Aspirations Over Lake of Tana and the Blue Nile)) Addis Ababa, United Printers LTD.

17-Waterbur, John 1979 ((Hydropolitics of the Nile Valley)) Contemporary issues in the Middle Eat, Syracuse University Press.

n Magazines:

1-Abu-Zeid, M .Irrigation in Egypt-Present and Future. Water Science No. 6 th Issue, October 1989.

2-Attia, B.B. Egypt’s Water Resources Year 2000 An overview. Water Science No. 6 th Issue, October 1989.

3-Benedick, Richard Elliot. Spring 1979 ((The High Dam and the Transformation of the Nile)) Middle East Journal 33 No. 2.

4-Egypt: Threat to Nile Water, African Recorder, Vol. 19, No. 14, 14 July 1980.

5-Guariso, Giorgio and Dale, Whittington 1987 ((Implications of Ethiopian water Development for Egypt and the Sudan )) Water Resources Development Vol. 3.

6-Jovanovic, D 1985. ((Ethipian interests in the Division of the Nile River waters)) Water international: Vol. 10 No. 2.

7-Mohsen Assem Abdul. Sptember 1980 ((Egypt , Ethiopia Clash over Nile)) The Middle East No. 71.

8-Shahin, M 1985 (( Hydrology of the Basin Development)) in World Science No. 21, Elsesier Scientific Publishers. Amsterdam Oxford.

9-Shahin , M. Hydrology of The Nile Basin Development, World Science, No. 21, El seier Scientific publishers, Amsterdam. Oxford 1985.

n Reports:

1-Abu Zeid, Mahmoud A. and Safwat, Abdel- Dayem 1990 ((The Nile, the Aswan High Dam and the 1979-1988 drought)) international commission on Irrigation and Drainage 14th Congress, Rio de Janeiro 1990.

2-Badar, G. M. 1979 ((The Nile Water Question: Background and Recent Development)) Egyptin Revere of International Law.

3-Deudney, Daniel 1981 (( River of Energy: The Hydropower Potential)) Worldwatch Papers No. 44- Washington, D.C: World watch Institute.

4-El-Diwany Mohammed. Remaks at a Seminar entitled ((The Nile River Basin: A case Study in Riparian Relations, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, D.C.

5-Garstin, W. Despatch From His Majesty’s Agent and consul General Cairo Enclosing a Report to Irrigation Projects on Upper Nile. Foreign office, Blue Book, Egypt No.2 London 1901.

6-Omer Mohamed Ali Mohamed 1984 ((Conflict and Cooperation in the Nile Basin)) in: M.O. Beshir (Ed) The Nile Valley Countries: Continuity and Change,Vol.2.Khartoum: Institute of African and Asian Studies.

7-Odidi, History of the Nile Lake Victoria Basins through treaties, paper presented at the Conferenc on the Nile, Convened at the Royal Geographical Society and University of London (SOAS) on 2-3 May 1990.

8-Riverains and Lacustrines: Toward International Cooperation in the Nile Basin. Discussion Paper No. 107 (Princetion, N. J. Princention University Research Program in Development Studies ( September 1982).

9-Waterbury, John. 1987 ((National Sovereignty and steps towards Supranational Management of water)) paper presented in the International symposium of the Nile Basin, Cairo.

10-United Nation Development progam (UNDP) 1989 ((Nile Basin Integrated Development)) Report of the fact finding mission AF/ 86/ 014, 1989. New York: UNDP.

n Books:

1-Adam, R.M. l 1965 ((Water, the Environment Desertification and the History of crisis)) Chicago and London.

2-Beaumont, Peter 1989 ((Environmental Management and Development in Dry Lands)) Routleddge, London and New York.

3-D.D Mara. 1979 ((Sewage Treatment in hot Climate)) Wiley.

4-Dice.L.R 1950 ((Natural Communitionies)) Ann Arbr Univ. of Michigan.

5-Fredrik Holm. Bo Thunberg 1995 ((Naya handla miljovaligt)) Stockholm.

6-Gerd R. Weber 1997 ((Global Warming)) U.S.A.

7-J.M.Mitchell 1970 ((Global Effect of Environmental Pollution)) Holland.

8-Lester R. Brown and Alan Durinng. 1990 ((State of The world 90)) World watch Institute, Uddevalla.

9-Lekakis, Joseph and Dimitrios. Giannias 1991 ((Optimas Freshwater Allocation: The case of Nestos)) in Draft.

10-Macarthur.R.H 1972 ((Geographical Ecology,Patterns in the Distribution of Species)) New York.

11-Pittock A.B and P.H Whetton 1991 ((Probable changes in rainfall regimes due to the enchanced greenhouse effect)) Proceedings of International Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium.

12-Rogelio A. Maduro and Ralf Schauerhammer 1992 ((The holes in the Ozone Scare)) Washington.

13-Tolba.M.K 1992 ((Saving our Earth)) United Nation.

14-21st Century ((Science and Technology)) Washington springs 1996 winter 1997.

n Magazines:

1-A. Shiklomanov  1990 ((Global Water Resources- Nature & Resources)) Vol.26, No. 3.

2-Coghaln ((Fresh water from the Sea)) New Scientist 31 August 1991.

3-Issar, Arie. S ((Climatic change and the History of the Middle East)) American Scientist 83 (4) July-Augut 1995.

4-Schncider, S. H 1989 ((The changing climate)) Scientific American Vol. 261.

n Reports:

1-Dabbagh, Taysir (ed) 1993 ((Desalination: The neglected option: Water in The Arab World)) Symposium at Harvard University 1-3 October 1993. Kuwait: (S.N).

2-The United Nations Environmental Program. Final Report of the International Conference of Water and Environment, Dublin 1992.

3-United Wations Environmental program 1992 ((Final Report of the International conference of water and the Environment)) Dublin.

4-Wastewater Reuse in Irrigation of King Hussein Medical Center and Queen Alia International Airpost, Water Resources, Economics and Experiences in developing countries,UNDP 1989.


The waters international Law:

n Books:

1-Aqayn. 1960 ((Theory and Policy of Accounting Prices)) North Holland Publishing.

2-Berber, F.J 1959 ((Rivers in International Law)) Stevens and Sons, London.

3-Bruhacs, J 1993 ((The Law of Non-Navigational Uses of International watercourses)) Academia Kiado Budpest.

4-Berber, F.J 1959 ((Rivers International Law)) Sterena Translation, London, New York.

5-Bullock, J. Darwish. A 1994 ((Water War, Coming Conflicts in the Middle East)) Oxford University Press.

6-Garretson, Albert. Henry. R.D, Hayton and C.J, Olmsted. Eds 1967 ((The Law of International Draing Basins )) Published for the Institute of International Law, New York

University School of Law. Dobbs ferry, New York: Oceana Publishers.

7-International Law Commission: Report of the ( ILC) on the work of Its forty-third session, UN General Assembly Supplement No. 10 (A/ 46/ 10) New York 1991.

8-International Law Association 1967 ((Report of the Fifty-Second conference)) Helsinki ( London ILA).

9-Joseph, Dellapenna 1990 ((Water in the Jordan Valley: the potential and Limits of Law)) the Palestine, Yearbook.

10-Kliot, N 1994 ((Water Resource and conflict in the Middle East)) Routeledge, London, New York.

11-Kliot, Nurit 1989 ((Water Resources and conflict in The Middle East)) Routlege, London.

12-Lemarquand, D.G 1977 ((International river: The politics of Cooperation)) Vancouver: Westwater Research Center University of British Columbia.

13-MC. Caffery, S 1993 ((Water, Politician and International Law)) In Peter Gleick ed (( Waters in Crisis )) New York: Oxford University Press.

14-Rogers, Peter. April 1991 ((International River Basins: Pervasive Unidirectional Externalities)) Paper Presented of the conference, The Economics of Transnational commons,University di Siena, Italy.

15-Sayed Hosni 1974 (( The Nile Regime)) Egyptian Review of International Law 17.

16-Teclaff, Ludwik A and Albert, E. Utton 1981 ((International Groundwater Law)) New York : Oceana Publications.

17-Thoms Naff and Ruth mats 1984 ((Water in the Middle East: conflict on Cooperation)) Boulder Colo: Wastview press.

18-Utton, Albert. E and Ludwik Teclaff eds 1987 ((Transboundray Resources Law)) Boulder, Colo: Westview press.

n Magazines:

1-Akehurst ((The Hierarchy of Sources of International Law)) British Yearbook of International Law Vol 47.

2-Barberis, J.A 1991 ((The Development of International Law of Transboundary Groundwater)) Natural Resources Journal, Vol. 13 New York.

3-Biswas, Asitk 1992 ((Indus Water Treaty: The negotiating Process)) Water International Vl. 17, No. 4.

4-Bourne, C. B. 1992 ((The International Law Commission’s draft articles on the Law of International watercourses: Principles and planned measures)) Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy Vol. 3 No. 65.

5-Caponora, D. A 1985 ((patterns of Cooperational water Law: Principles and Institutions)) National Resources Journal: Vol. 25.

6-Hayton (RD) 1982 ((The Law of International Aquifers)) NRJ. Vol. 22.

7-J. Barberis 1991 ((The Development of International Law of Transboundray Groundwater)) Natural Resources Journal, 31. No.1.

8-Michael, Michael 1974 ((The allocation of waters of International rivers)) Natural Resources Lawyer Vol. 8 No.1.

9-Murphy, Irene and Sabadell, Lenora 1986 ((International river basins: A policy model for conflict)) Natural Resources Vol. 12.

10-Nijiim, B.K. 1990 ((Water Resources in the History of Palestine Conflict)) Geo-Journal 21.4 Kluewer Academic publishers. August.

11-Smith, H.A. October 1949 ((The Waters of Jordan: A problem of International Water Control)) International Affairs, Vol. XXXV.

12-Wilkinson, J.c 1990 ((Muslim land and water law)) Journal of Islamic studies Vol.1.

13-Xavier, Henri Farinelli 1997 ((Freshwater Conflicts in the Jordan River Basin)) Green Cross International, Jan. 1997.

n Reports:

1-A. Copenerre 1978 ((The Law of International water Resources)) FAO, Rome.

2-Dilman, J.D 1989 ((Water Rights in the Occupied Territories)) Journal of Palestinian Studies XIX.

3-Frey, Frederick, 7-9 May 1992. ((The Political context of Conflict and Cooperation over International River Basins)) Conference on the Middle East water Crisis.Waterloo, Canada.

4-Frey, Frederick 1992 ((The Political context of Conflict and Cooperation over International River basins)) Conference on Middle East Crisis, May 7-9 waterloo.

5-Gliek, Peter. May 1991 ((Water and conflict)) water Resources and International conflict workshop, Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment and Security, Brekeley California.

6-Harold, Ditcher 1994 ((The legal Status of Isreal’s water policies in the occupied Territories)) Harvard International Law, Journal.

7-Hassan Bakr Hassan. Water-War and Peace: Managing Coflicts over River Basins in The Middle East. A paper Presented at the International Commission on the Question of Disarmament and Détente in the Mediterranean Region, Prato, Italy. 10-15 October 1993.

8-Helsinki Ruleson 1967 ((The use of the Water of the International River)) Adopted by the International Law, Association at the 52nd Conference held in Helsinki on 20th August 1966, London.

9-International Law Commission (ILC) 1979. First Report on the Law of the Non-Navigational UN of International water cores. Submitted to the UN General Assembly, GE 79-61671. New York: united Nations.

10-International Law Commission (ILC) 1991. Report of the work of its Forty-Third session. New York: Un General Assembly. Supplement No. 10 (AL46L10).

11-International Law Association, report of the Sixtieh conference Held in Seoul 1986.

12-International Law Association, Report of the Forty-Eight Conference Held at NY, September 1 st to 7th 1958, London 1959.

13-International Law Association, Report of Fifty-second Conference held at Helsinki 1966.

14-International Law Association, Report of Sixth Conference held in Monteal 1982.

15-International Law Association, Report of sixty-Two conference Held in Seoul 1986.

16-Mallat, chibli 1993 ((Law and the Nile river: Emerging International Rules and the Shari’a)) London: school of Oriental and African Studies.

17-Omer Mohamed Ali Mohamed 1984 (( Conflict and Co-Operation in the Nile Basin)) in: M.O. Beshir (Ed) The Nile Valley Countries: Continuity and Chang, Vol. 2. Khartoum: Institute of African and Asian Studies.

18-Odidi, History of the Nile Lake Victoria Basins through treaties, Paper presented at the Conference on the Nile, Convened at the Royal Geographical Society and University of London (SOAS) on 2-3 May 1990.

19-Okidi, charles Oididi 1979 ((International Law and the lake Victoria and Nile basins)) In Charles Odidi, Okidi ed ((Natural Resources and the Development of the lake Victoria Basin of Kenya)) Nairobi: Institute for Development Studies.

20-Ramzi  Musallam. 1989 (( Water: The Middle East problem of the 1990’s)) London : Gulf Center for Strategy Studies.

21-United Nations 1984 ((Treaties concerning the Utilization of International water courses for Resources: Water series. No. 13. New York: UN Department of Technical cooperation for Development 1984.

22-World Bank DC 1993. ((A Strategy for Managing water the Middle East and North Africa)) Washington.

23-Lazerwitz, D.J.1995 ((The flow of international water law: The international law commission’s law of the non-navigational uses of international watercourses)) Global Legal Studies Journal.

24-UN 1997 ((Convention on the law of the non-navigational uses of international water courses. 51. Session. New York.


Others books:

1-Mark Rosegrant 1995 ((Water Resources in the 21st Century)) Paper presented at a conference in Japan, International Food Policy Research institute No. 7.

2- Mark Rosegrant 1991 ((Irrigation investment and management in Asia: trend piorities and policy direction)) World Bank, Washington.

3-Dellapenna, J 1993 ((Build international water Management institution)) The role of treaties and other legal arrangement, Unpublished paper.

4-Svedsen, Mark 1986 ((Metting irrigation system recurrent Cost obligation)) ODI-IIMI Irrigation Management, Network paper. London ODI.

5-The Word Bank 1993 ((Water Resources Management)) A world Bank Policy paper. Washington Dc.

6-All, J.A. 1993 ((Fortunately there are Substitutes for Water, otherwise our hydro political Future would be impossible)) in priorities for water Resources Allocation and Management London, Office of Development Assistance.

7-Fox,I. K. and Le, Marqund. 1978 ((International river basin Cooperation)) the Lessons from experience, water Supply and Management Vol.2, No.5.

8-Rajagopalan,V.1992 ((The global problem of land and water constraints)) in le Moigne, G,S. Barghouti and L. Garbus, eds. Developing and Improving Drainage system. World Bank Technical Paper No.178. Washington, D.C: The World Bank. 

9-World Bank 1990s ((Operational Directive: Project on International Waterways)) OD 750 April, Washington, D.C: The World Bank.

10-Vandertak, Herman, G.1974 ((The Economic Choice between Hydroelectric and Thermal Power Development)) Staff Occasional No.1. Washington, D.C: The World Bank.

11-WHO 1989 ((Global Fresh Water Quality)) Oxford, Black-Well.

12-World Bank 1990 ((World Development )) Report 1990, Oxford University Press.

13-Toribara, T.Y. Coleman, J.R etal. 1977 ((Environmental Pollutants)) Plenum Press N.Y.

14-WHO 1993 ((Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality)) Geneva.

15-Matthess, G. Pekdeger, A. 1981 ((Concept of a Survival and transport Model of Pathogenic Bacteria and Viruses in ground Water)) Elsevier, Amsterdam Studies in Env. Sci 17.

16-Mikesell, Maarvin W 1961 ((Northern Morocco: A cultural Geography)) Berkeley University of California Press.

17-Grove, A.T 1978 ((Africa)) Oxford University Press.

18-H. R Jarrett 1979 ((Africa)) Macdonald and Evans Limited, London.

19-Bruno Messerli and Hans Hurni  1990 ((African Mountains and Highlands problems and perspectives)) African mountian Association.

20-Adebayo. O, Olukoshi and Lisa Laakso  1996 ((Challenges to the Natio-State in Africa)) Nordiska Afrikan Institutet, Uppsala.

6-Raymond Furon 1963 ((The problem of Water)) Payot, Paris.

21-WMO 1994 ((Guide to Hydrological practices)) Fifth Edition, WMO No. 168 Geneva.

22-WMO, WHO, UNEP 1991 ((Information needs for water quality assessment and management)) Washington D.C.

23-WB 1993 ((Water Resources Management: A policy Paper)) Washington D.C.The World Bank (WB).

24-Waterbury, John 1987 ((Legal and institutional arrangements for Managing water Resources in the Nile Basin)) Water Resources Development. Vol.3, No.2.

25-Blomquist, W 1995 ((Instructions for Managing Ground-Water in Southern California)) San Francisco CA, Institute of Contemporary Studies. 


Other Bibliography:

Bureau of Reclamation


Bureau of Reclamation


Bureau of Reclamation